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 List of World Health Organization Essential Medicines

استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
احمد الاسودي
°ˆ~*¤®§(*§عضو مجتهــد§*)§®¤*~ˆ°

°ˆ~*¤®§(*§عضو مجتهــد§*)§®¤*~ˆ°


وسام : وسام التالق
ذكر عدد الرسائل : 112
العمر : 29
بلدك : اليمن
الأوسمة :
نقاط : 242
تاريخ التسجيل : 18/07/2010

مُساهمةموضوع: List of World Health Organization Essential Medicines   29/8/2010, 19:26


1 Anesthetics
1.1 General anesthetics and oxygen

• Halothane
• Ketamine
• Nitrous Oxide
• Oxygen
• Thiopental
1.2 Local anesthetics
• Bupivacaine
• Ephedrine
• Lidocaine
• Lidocaine + epinephrine
1.3 Preoperative medication and sedation for short-term procedures
• Atropine
• Diazepam
• Morphine
• Promethazine
2 Analgesics, antipyretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, medicines used to treat gout and disease modifying agents in rheumatoid disorders
2.1 Non-opioids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIMs)
• Aspirin
• Ibuprofen
• Paracetamol (Acetaminophen)
2.2 Opioid analgesics
• Codeine
• Morphine
2.3 Medicines to treat gout
• Allopurinol
2.4 Disease modifying agents used in rheumatoid disorders (DMARDs)
• Chloroquine
• Azathioprine
• Methotrexate
• Penicillamine
• Sulfasalazine
3 Antiallergics and medicines used in anaphylaxis
• Chlorphenamine
• Dexamethasone
• Epinephrine (adrenaline)
• Hydrocortisone
• Prednisolone
4 Antidotes and other substances used in poisonings
4.1 Non-specific
• Activated carbon
4.2 Specific
• Acetylcysteine
• Atropine
• Calcium gluconate
• Deferoxamine
• Dimercaprol
• DL-Methionine
• Methylthioninium chloride (methylene blue)
• Naloxone
• Penicillamine
• Potassium ferric hexacyanoferrate(II) (Prussian blue)
• Sodium calcium edetate
• Sodium nitrite
• Sodium thiosulfate
5 Anticonvulsants/antiepileptics
• Carbamazepine
• Diazepam
• Ethosuximide
• Magnesium sulfate
• Phenobarbital
• Phenytoin
• Valproic acid
6 Anti-infective medicines
6.1 Anthelminthics
6.1.1 Intestinal anthelminthics
• Albendazole
• Levamisole
• Mebendazole
• Niclosamide
• Praziquantel
• Pyrantel
6.1.2 Antifilarials
• Diethylcarbamazine
• Ivermectin
• Suramin sodium

6.1.3 Antischistosomals and antitrematode medicine
• Oxamniquine
• Praziquantel
• Triclabendazole
6.2 Antibacterials
6.2.1 Beta Lactam medicines

• Amoxicillin
• Ampicillin
• Benzathine benzylpenicillin
• Benzylpenicillin
• Cefazolin
• Cefixime
• Ceftazidime
• Ceftriaxone
• Cloxacillin
• Co-amoxiclav (amoxicillin + clavulanic acid)
• Imipenem/cilastatin (Imipenem + cilastatin) †
• Phenoxymethylpenicillin
• Procaine benzylpenicillin
6.2.2 Other antibacterials

• Azithromycin
• Chloramphenicol
• Ciprofloxacin
• Clindamycin
• Co-trimoxazole (sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim)
• Doxycycline
• Erythromycin
• Gentamicin
• Metronidazole
• Nitrofurantoin
• Spectinomycin
• Sulfadiazine
• Trimethoprim
• Vancomycin
6.2.3 Antileprosy medicines
• Clofazimine
• Dapsone
• Rifampicin
6.2.4 Antituberculosis medicines
• Amikacin
• p-aminosalicylic acid
• Capreomycin
• Cycloserine
• Ethambutol
• Ethionamide
• Isoniazid
• Isoniazid + ethambutol
• Kanamycin
• Ofloxacin
• Pyrazinamide
• Rifampicin
• Rifampicin + isoniazid
• Rifampicin + isoniazid + ethambutol
• Rifampicin + isoniazid + pyrazinamide
• Rifampicin + isoniazid + pyrazinamide + ethambutol
• Streptomycin
6.3 Antifungal medicines
• Amphotericin B
• Clotrimazole
• Fluconazole
• Flucytosine
• Griseofulvin
• Nystatin
• Potassium iodide
6.4 Antiviral medicines
6.4.1 Antiherpes medicines
• Aciclovir
6.4.2 Antiretrovirals
6.4.2.1 Nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors
• Abacavir (ABC)
• Didanosine (ddI)
• Emtricitabine (FTC)
• Lamivudine (3TC)
• Stavudine (d4T)
• Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)
• Zidovudine (ZDV or AZT)
6.4.2.2 Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors
• Efavirenz (EGV or EFZ)
• Nevirapine (NVP)
6.4.2.3 Protease inhibitors
• Indinavir (IDV)
• Lopinavir + ritonavir (LPV/r)
• Nelfinavir (NFV)
• Ritonavir
• Saquinavir (SQV)
6.4.2.4 Combination drugs
• Efavirenz + emtricitabine + tenofovir
• Emtricitabine + tenofovir
• Stavudine + lamivudine + nevirapine
• Zidovudine + lamivudine
• Zidovudine + lamivudine + nevirapine
6.4.2.5 Other antivirals
• Ribavirin
6.5 Antiprotozoal medicines
6.5.1 Antiamoebic and antigiardiasis medicines

• Diloxanide
• Metronidazole
6.5.2 Antileishmaniasis medicines

• Amphotericin B
• Meglumine antimoniate
• Pentamidine
6.5.3 Antimalarial medicines
6.5.3.1 For curative treatment
• Amodiaquine
• Artemether
• Artemether + lumefantrine
• Artesunate
• Chloroquine
• Doxycycline
• Mefloquine
• Primaquine
• Quinine
• Sulfadoxine + pyrimethamine
6.5.3.2 For prophylaxis
• Chloroquine
• Doxycycline
• Mefloquine
• Proguanil
6.5.4 Antipneumocytosis and antioxoplasmosis medicines
• Pentamidine
• Pyrimethamine
• Sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim
6.5.5 Antitrypanosomal medicines
6.5.5.1 African trypanosomiasis
• Eflornithine
• Melarsoprol
• Pentamidine
• Suramin sodium
6.5.6 American trypanosomiasis
• Benznidazole
• Nifurtimox
7 Antimigraine medicines
7.1 For treatment of acute attack
• Aspirin
• Paracetamol
7.2 For prophylaxis
• Propranolol
8 Antineoplastic, immunosuppressives and medicines used in palliative care
8.1 Immunosuppressive medicines
• Azathioprine
• Ciclosporin
8.2 Cytotoxic medicines
• Asparaginase
• Bleomycin
• Calcium folinate
• Chlorambucil
• Cisplatin
• Cyclophosphamide
• Cytarabine
• Dacarbazine
• Dactinomycin
• Daunorubicin
• Doxorubicin
• Etoposide
• Fluorouracil
• Mercaptopurine
• Methotrexate
• Procarbazine
• Vinblastine
• Vincristine
8.3 Hormones and antihormones
• Dexamethasone
• Hydrocortisone
• Prednisolone
• Tamoxifen
8.4 Medicines used in palliative care
None
9 Antiparkinsonism medicines
• Biperiden
• Levodopa + carbidopa
10 Medicines affecting the blood
10.1 Antianaemia medicines
• Ferrous salt
• Ferrous salt + folic acid
• Folic acid
• Hydroxocobalamin
10.2 Medicines affecting coagulation
• Heparin sodium
• Phytomenadione
• Protamine sulfate
• Warfarin
11 Blood products and plasma substitutes
11.1 Plasma substitutes
• Dextran 70
11.2 Plasma fractions for specific use
• Human normal immunoglobulin
• Factor VIII concentrate
• Factor IX complex (II, VII, IX, X concentrate)
12 Cardiovascular medicines
12.1 Antianginal medicines
• Atenolol
• Glyceryl trinitrate
• Isosorbide dinitrate
• Verapamil
12.2 Antiarrhythmic medicines
• Atenolol
• Digoxin
• Epinephrine
• Lidocaine
• Procainamide
• Quinidine
• Verapamil
12.3 Antihypertensive medicines
• Amlodipine
• Atenolol
• Enalapril
• Hydralazine (for acute, severe pregnancy-induced hypertension only)
• Hydrochlorothiazide
• Methyldopa
• Sodium nitroprusside
12.4 Medicines used in heart failure
• Digoxin
• Dopamine
• Enalapril
• Furosemide
• Hydrochlorothiazide
12.5 Antithrombotic medicines
• Acetylsalicylic acid
• Streptokinase
12.6 Lipid-lowering agents
• Simvastatin
13 Dermatological medicines (topical)
13.1 Antifungal medicines
• Benzoic acid + salicylic acid (see also Whitfield's ointment)
• Miconazole
• Selenium sulfide
• Sodium thiosulfate
13.2 Anti-infective medicines
• Methylrosanilinium chloride
• Neomycin sulfate + bacitracin
• Potassium permanganate
• Silver sulfadiazine
13.3 Anti-inflammatory and antipruritic medicines
• Betamethasone
• Calamine lotion
• Hydrocortisone
13.4 Astringent medicines
• Aluminium diacetate
13.5 Medicines affecting skin differentiation and proliferation
• Benzoyl peroxide
• Coal tar
• Dithranol
• Fluorouracil
• Podophyllum resin
• Salicylic acid
• Urea
13.6 Scabicides and pediculicides
• Benzyl benzoate
• Permethrin
14 Diagnostic agents
14.1 Ophthalmic medicines
• Fluorescein
• Tropicamide
14.2 Radiocontrast media
• Amidotrizoate
• Barium sulfate
• Iohexol
• Meglumine iotroxate
15 Disinfectants and antiseptics
15.1 Antiseptics
• Chlorhexidine
• Ethanol
• Povidone iodine
15.2 Disinfectants
• Chlorine base compound
• Chloroxylenol
• Glutaral
16 Diuretics
• Amiloride
• Furosemide
• Hydrochlorothiazide
• Mannitol
• Spironolactone
17 Gastrointestinal medicines
17.1 Antacids and other antiulcer medicines
• Ranitidine
• Magnesium hydroxide
• Aluminium hydroxide
17.2 Antiemetic medicines
• Metoclopramide
• Promethazine
17.3 Anti-inflammatory medicines
• Hydrocortisone
• Sulfasalazine
17.4 Laxatives
• Senna
17.5 Medicines used in diarrhea
17.5.1 Oral rehydration
• Oral rehydration therapy salts
17.5.2 Medicines for diarrhea in children
• Zinc sulfate
17.5.3 Antidiarrheal (symptomatic) medicines in adults
• Codeine
18 Hormones, other endocrine medicines and contraceptives
18.1 Adrenal hormones and synthetic substitutes
See section 3 Antiallergics and medicines used in anaphylaxis.
18.2 Androgens
• Testosterone
18.3 Contraceptives
18.3.1 Oral hormonal contraceptives
• Ethinylestradiol + levonorgestrel
• Ethinylestradiol + norethisterone
• Levonorgestrel
18.3.2 Injectable hormonal contraceptives
• Medroxyprogesterone acetate
• Medroxyprogesterone acetate + estradiol cypionate
• Norethisterone enantate
18.3.3 Intrauterine devices
• Copper-containing IUD
18.3.4 Barrier methods
• Condoms
• Diaphragms
18.3.5 Implantable contraceptives
• Levonorgestrel-releasing implant
18.4 Estrogens
• Ethinylestradiol
18.5 Insulins and other antidiabetic agents
• Glibenclamide
• Insulin injection
• Intermediate-acting insulin
• Metformin
18.6 Ovulation inducers
• Clomifene
18.7 Progesterones
Progesterones
• Medroxyprogesterone acetate
• Norethisterone
18.8 Thyroid hormones and antithyroid medicines
• Levothyroxine
• Potassium iodide
• Propylthiouracil
19 Immunologicals
19.1 Diagnostic agents
• Tuberculin
19.2 Sera and immunoglobulins
• Anti-D immunoglobulin
• Antitetanus immunoglobulin
• Antivenom immunoglobulin
• Diphtheria antitoxin
• Rabies immunoglobulin
19.3 Vaccines
• Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine (BCG) for tuberculosis
• Cholera vaccine
• Diphtheria vaccine
• Hepatitis A vaccine
• Hepatitis B vaccine
• Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine
• Influenza vaccine
• Japanese encephalitis vaccine
• Measles vaccine
• Meningococcal meningitis vaccine
• Mumps vaccine
• Pertussis vaccine
• Pneumococcal vaccine
• Poliomyelitis vaccine
• Rabies vaccine
• Rotavirus vaccine
• Rubella vaccine
• Tetanus vaccine
• Typhoid vaccine
• Varicella vaccine
• Yellow fever vaccine
20 Muscle relaxants (peripherally-acting) and cholinesterase inhibitors
• Alcuronium
• Neostigmine
• Pyridostigmine
• Suxamethonium
• Vecuronium

21 Ophthalmological preparations
21.1 Anti-infective agents
• Aciclovir
• Gentamicin
• Tetracycline
21.2 Anti-inflammatory agents
• Prednisolone
21.3 Local anesthetics
• Tetracaine
21.4 Miotics and antiglaucoma medicines
• Acetazolamide
• Pilocarpine
• Timolol
21.5 Mydriatics
• Atropine
• Epinephrine
22 Oxytocics and antioxytocics
22.1 Oxytocics
• Ergometrine
• Mifepristone-misoprostol
• Misoprostol
• Oxytocin
22.2 Antioxytocics
• Nifedipine
23 Peritoneal dialysis solution
• Intraperitoneal dialysis solution
24 Psychotherapeutic medicines
24.1 Medicines used in psychotic disorders
• Chlorpromazine
• Fluphenazine
• Haloperidol
24.2 Medicines used in mood disorders
24.2.1 Medicines used in depressive disorders
• Amitriptyline
• Fluoxetine
• Sertraline
• Welbutrin
24.2.2 Medicines used in bipolar disorders
• Carbamazepine
• Lithium carbonate
• Valproic acid
24.3 Medicines used in generalized anxiety and sleep disorders
• Diazepam
24.4 Medicines used for obsessive compulsive disorders and panic attacks
• Clomipramine
24.5 Medicines used in substance dependence programs
• Methadone
25 Medicines acting on the respiratory tract
25.1 Antiasthmatic and medicines for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
• Beclometasone
• Epinephrine
• Ipratropium bromide
• Salbutamol
25.2 Other medicines acting on the respiratory tract
• Caffeine citrate
26 Solutions correcting water, electrolyte and acid-base disturbances
26.1 Oral
• Oral rehydration salts (see 17.5.1 Oral rehydration)
• Potassium chloride
26.2 Parenteral
• Glucose
• Glucose with sodium chloride
• Potassium chloride
• Sodium chloride
• Sodium hydrogen carbonate
• Sodium lactate
26.3 Miscellaneous
• Saline solution for injection/rehydration
27 Vitamins and minerals
• Ascorbic acid
• Calcium gluconate
• Ergocalciferol
• Iodine
• Nicotinamide
• Pyridoxine
• Retinol
• Riboflavin
• Sodium fluoride
• Thiamine
الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة اذهب الى الأسفل
معاينة صفحة البيانات الشخصي للعضو
 
List of World Health Organization Essential Medicines
استعرض الموضوع السابق استعرض الموضوع التالي الرجوع الى أعلى الصفحة 
صفحة 1 من اصل 1
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